Each fort in the annals of history has a different background, story and history. In fact, these structures are a witness to several historic moments, conquests, victory and defeat of several mighty rulers and empires. Telangana state is home to numerous forts, which reflects the state’s tryst with many dynasties in each region that shaped its destiny, culture and traditions.
Nirmal is a prominent town, which was part of former Adilabad district. It has been made a district headquarters recently by the government of Telangana, attesting its unique significance. The history of the town boasts of a glorious past due to patronization of arts and culture by ruling nobility. The region was ruled by Kakatiyas, Chalukyas, Qutubshahis and AsafJahis who have contributed immensely to the growth of cultural heritage.
This legacy of the region’s heritage is seen in the town where the French established a strong presence by building a magnificent fort, which stands majestically till date. The French were reportedly quite fascinated by scenic beauty of Mother Nature and built the Nirmal fort, which is also called as the Shamgarh fort. There is also another version, where it is said that it was built initially by Rastrakutas and later developed by Qutub Shahis while the French made key modifications and strengthened the fort during the rule of AsafJahis.
The fort has many impressive features with strong ramparts on a hillock. There are about 170 steps leading to the fort on top of the hillock along with a tank, located close to the fort. There are few old cannons located in the premises of this fort which is known for its unique architecture. It is important to protect such rare forts for future generations and in this regard, the government of Telangana, has provided amenities for tourists such as a clean pathway, cafeteria and some landscaping works inside the premises of the fort. Apart from its heritage significance, the fort has a great tourist potential, due to the scenic setting.
The fort is located not that far from the national highway, connecting Hyderabad with Nagpur. In fact, this route is of strategic significance from ancient times, since it provided a key trade link between North India and South India. Needless to say, it was the gateway for invading armies, thereby prompting ruling dynasties to build a strong fort here that could control access to the kingdoms, while preventing the onslaught of enemy forces. The fort stands as an engineering marvel, contributed by French Engineers. There were only few princely states in India, which was assisted by French and the Hyderabad Nizam’s are among them. Clearly a visit to the Shamgarh Fort, is a worthwhile endeavor that brings you closer to understand how forts shaped history.
How to Reach
Nirmal fort is located close to Nirmal town in Northern part of Telangana. It is well accessible by road from Hyderabad, located nearly 220 km away.
Where to Stay
Tourists can stay at hotels available for accommodation in Nirmal town or Nizamabad, located close by.