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Ganapeswaralayam – Archeological Treasure of Kusumanchi

Kusumanchi town is located between Khammam and Suryapet and is home to renowned temples of Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam, built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries. These shrines are in a juxtaposed manner, with some space in between them. Each temple also consists of a small portico. These temples face northward direction.  The temples are a testimony to the architectural genius of Kakatiya kings. The historical shrines of Shaivism bear striking resemblance to famous Ghanpur and Ramappa temples of Kakatiya period in the Warangal district.

The temple of Ganapeshwaralayam has been constructed on a high adhistana. According to plan, it is a single shrine facing east with an antarala and pillared rangamandapam in front of it, with entrances on the north, south and east. The government of Telangana has been working actively towards renovating the Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteshwaralayam in consultation with the Department of Archaeology. The temples also attract tourists, who wish to explore the glory of these centuries-old shrines, built during Kakatiya era. Every aspect of these temples stuns visitors, and it represents the skill and mastery of sculptors belonging to old times. Ganapeshwaralayam attracts hundreds of devotees during Shivaratri festival from neighbouring districts too.

Mukkanteshwaralayam is located about two km from the road and a few meters away from the Ganapeshwaralayam. The shrines face northward direction. Out of the sixteen pillars of the common Rangamandapam in front of the three shrines, the central four pillars are highly polished, depicting the sculptural motifs of swans in the opposite direction.

The Department of Archaeology had sanctioned Rs. 60 lakh under 13th Finance Commission in the year 2015 for Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteshwaralayam in Kusumanchi to revive their lost glory.  The works included strengthening of the foundations of the structures and reassembling the disturbed stones to restore the temples to their original glory. The Circumambulation Path (Pradakshina Path) has been restored at Mukkanteshwaralayam, which encompasses three small shrines in a single complex with a common mandapa.  The area surrounding these two temples is dotted with quite a few archaeological monuments including a megalithic menhir (a vertical standing stone). The whole stretch of this area is known for its archaeological significance.

How to reach

The town of Kusumanchi is situated about 21 km west of Khammam on Khammam-Hyderabad Highway. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.


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