Hyderabad, is home to several heritage monuments of yore, due to its cherished and historic association with many dynasties and rulers. During the reign of Qutb Shahi dynasty, Golconda was the capital. This was the period when Sultan ZamSheed, Ibrahim Qutb Shahi and Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah, who was also the founder of Hyderabad, ascended the throne of this kingdom.
Since Golconda was the capital, major religious, military, administrative offices as well as important buildings were built in this region, of Hyderabad. One such building is the Khazana Building. As the name suggests, Khazana Building was the place where the kingdoms Khazana or treasure was stored. It was the treasury of Ibrahim Qutb Shahi.
Highlights of the Building
Khazana Building is located close to the Golconda Fort in Hyderabad. Located on the main road, on the way from Fateh Darwaza to Bala Hissar road, the building is also known as Khazana Building Museum. Tourists entering the Khazana Building Museum can explore the guard rooms of the royal treasury of the Qutb Shahi dynasty.
Similar to most Islamic buildings, there are religious centres inside the complex namely Ashrafi Mosque in the eastern quarters of the building and Chani Mosque (built during Ibrahim Qutb Shahi era), which is the smaller mosque of the two. Located opposite to the Khazana Building Museum is Sham Sheer Kota. During the reign of Ibrahim Qutb Shah, royal arms and weaponry were stored in this building.
Khazana Building has a majestic central arch, on the sides of which are two halls. The arch supports the roofs of these halls. The halls had a special purpose too, functioning as storehouses of the royal treasury of the army and government of Qutb Shahi. The central arch leads to the Courtyard and the gardens. Currently, there are Canons from theQutb Shahi Period on display in this building along with stone sculptures belonging to Chalukya and Kakatiya period as well as Qutb Shahi and Bahmani dynasties. From rare coins to centuries-old relics that were unearthed during various excavations, some of Telangana’s treasured heritage artefacts are displayed at the Khazana Building Museum.
When the Nizams were replaced by the democratic government, in the year 1948, the ownership of Khazana Buildings was passed on to the Indian Government. It was then allocated to the Indian Military to use this building. During 1951-1952, the Khazana Building was passed to the Department of Archeology and Museums and was designated as a Heritage Building and Museum. The artifacts exhibited in the building currently were added by the Department of Archeology and Museums.
How to Reach
Khazana Building Museum is well accessible by road, owing to its location near Golconda fort and is situated approximately 16 km from Secunderabad Railway Station and 6 km from Mehdipatnam.