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Qutub Shahi Mosque of Karwan, Hyderabad

Toli Masjid is located in one of Hyderabad’s oldest and historicallysignificant localities, Karwan.Toli Masjid was completed in the year 1671 AD. It is also known as Damri Masjid and located nearly 2 km from the monument of Charminar on the way to Golconda fort. The mosque was built by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar during the reign of Abdullah Qutb Shah. The mosque was recognized by INTACH and it was declared as a heritage site by the Archaeological Survey of India. In terms of architecture Toli Mosque ranks only next after Mecca Masjid in Hyderabad, India.
History of Toli Masjid
Built by Mir Musa Khan Mahaldar in the 1671 AD during the rule of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah, this mosque stands as one of the finest examples of typical Qutub Shahi architecture. He employed the services of the architect who designed the Mecca Masjid of Hyderabad and the royal architect of Sultan Abdullah Qutub Shah.
One of the chapter in the royal records called “Gulzar-e-Asafia” states that when the royal architect was involved in building the Mecca Masjid, he was given one damri/damdi (coin)out of each single rupee spent on its construction. The entire sum which was collected was believed to have been used by Musa Khan for construction of Toli Masjid. Hence, this mosque is also called as Damri Masjid.

Architecture
The mosque was built on a raised platform. It features a high plinth and it has been divided into two halls. The outer one has five-arched openings, whereas the five outer arches of the central arch iscomparatively wider and ornate. The inscriptions found in the prayer hall states that Musa Khan, who played a key role in the accession of Abul Hasan Qutb Shah, the last Qutb Shahi Sultan, to the throne of Golconda had built this mosque. He was also instrumental in building the Musa Burj (bastion) of the Golconda fort.
There are two minarets of 20 meters each flanking thisedifice. The parapets on the top constitutes a series of royal miniature arches accompanied by perforated screens of different exquisite designs. Each of the five beautiful arches featurelotus medallions in the spandrels. The central arch is more wide and ornate when compared to the remaining four.The upper half of Tolimosque is beautifully decorated. The parapet of this mosque involves a series of arched jali screens, with different pattern for each one. There a row of tiny notches punctuated by six finials on top of this. There are elaborately decorated minarets with three receding tiers of the octagonal galleries. The central one has been raised on a series of carved moldings and petalswhich are deeply recessed. The beautiful minaret shaft is clearly covered with some of the rounded patterns. The composition is clearly adorned by an attractive circular dome and a special brass finial.

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