There are numerous forts in Telangana, which share an interesting and historic legacy that has always amazed explorers, whilst providing archeological experts more evidence about these monuments and fort complexes.
The Kaulas fort dates back to the fourteenth century, and is spread across six square km. It is tucked away in a quiet corner in Jukkalmandal of Kamareddy district This fort was built in a semi-Dravidian style, and is situated on the south-eastern side ofBalaghathill range at an altitude of nearly 1,000 feet. It is completely surrounded by the Kaulas stream. The stream is considered a natural moat to this mighty fort. Moreover, when visitors view the thick cover of vegetationfrom the fort, it is simply a wonderful feast for the eyes.
The two gateways of this fort bear the insignia of the Kakatiya dynasty. According to evidence, there were more than 10 cannons made here of metal and steel alloy. The Navgazi tope (cannon) featuring splendid work and metallurgical expertise is a rare one. Kaulas Fort was built by Rashtrakutas during 9th centuryA.D. Later it was captured by Kakatiyas of Warangal and it was part ofKakatiya kingdom till 1323 A.D. It later went under the control of Muslim rulers. During 16th century, the fort was conquered by a Rajput king called Raja Gopal Singh Gaur, who also took control of Kandhar and Mahore forts, currently in Maharashtra.
Most of the structures inside this fort are in ruins with the exception ofa Sivalayam, a dargah and a grain store which were built with boulders. These are still intact despite being camouflaged by wood for many years. The walls of the fort were built involving a three-tier system of defense. The huge cannon can be still seen on the bastion. There are 52 small and big bastions, apart from the two main entrances. The temple and dargah inside the fort were declared as protected monuments by Telangana’s Archaeology Department.
The Kasikund temple here has been constructed similar to the Kasi temple by Rajput kings. The temple has a fresh water spring. The complex has three more temples which are dedicated to Hindu gods of Rama, Hanuman and Balaji. There is one more temple of Ashtabuji Mata, which is also known as Jagadamba Mata temple. It is said that Rajput kings used to offer prayers here, before heading for a battle. There are two mosques located inside the forest.
There are two natural tanks inside this fort, which are considered as perennial water sources. The fort in Kamareddy district is an ideal getaway as it is located only180 km from Hyderabad. It is located close to the border of Karnataka and Maharashtra States. Kaulas fort is nearly 100 km from Nizamabad. The fort is a tourists’ delight since it is located not that far away from Nizamabad town. A trip to the fort also takes you to the Nizamsagar dam, built by the 7thNizam on the river Manjira, and also the Koulasnala project located close by.The Koulas dam is only 20 km away from the fort, attracting a large number of migratory birds in winter.
Road transport is an easily accessible option through NH 161 via Sangareddy, and Nizampet after which this highway curves to the left near the Jukkal-Kallakal Road, heading towards Pitlam and then the Kaulas Fort Road.