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Temple Architecture of Kakatiya Era

Kusumanchi town is located between Khammam and Suryapet and is home to renowned temples of Sri Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteswaralayam, built by the Kakatiya rulers during 12th and 13th centuries. These shrines are in a juxtaposed manner, with some space in between them.

Each temple also consists of a small portico. These temples face northward direction. The temples are a testimony to the architectural genius of Kakatiya kings. The historical shrines of Shaivism bear striking resemblance to the famous Ghanpur and Ramappa temples of Kakatiya period in Warangal region.

The temple of Ganapeshwaralayam has been constructed on a high adhistana. According to plan, it is a single shrine facing east with an antarala and pillared rangamandapam in front of it, with entrances on the north, south and east. Mukkanteshwaralayam is located about two km from the road and a few meters away from the Ganapeshwaralayam. The temple is dedicated to Lord Shiva. Here, Lord Shiva is worshipped in the form of Linga. This Shiva Linga is large, intact and beautifully polished and carved with Brahmasutras.

The Department of Heritage Telangana has been working actively towards renovating the Ganapeshwaralayam and Mukkanteshwaralayam. The temples also attract tourists, who arrive here to explore the glory of these centuries-old shrines, built during Kakatiya era. Every aspect of these temples stuns visitors, and it represents the skill and mastery of sculptors belonging to old times. Ganapeshwaralayam attracts hundreds of devotees during Shivaratri festival from neighbouring districts too.

How to reach

The town of Kusumanchi is situated about 21 km west of Khammam on Khammam-Hyderabad Highway. Khammam is connected to Hyderabad, the capital city of Telangana, located at a distance of approximately 195 km, through road and rail transport.


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