Sir Ronald Ross Institute of Parasitology is a malaria research institute and heritage building located in Begumpet, Secunderabad and Hyderabad city certainly needs no special introduction for its heritage and history, with many buildings and monuments, that boast of a great legacy. Sir Ronald Ross was a British medical doctor who received the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in 1902 for his pioneering work on the transmission of malaria. Sir Ronald Ross was initially posted as a general duty medical officer at Secunderabad in the year 1893.
During his posting, Sir Ronald Ross worked on tropical diseases, especially malaria, from a laboratory situated in the old Begumpet military hospital building. Built in 1895, this building was then surrounded by marshes which were helpful for his research experiments. It was in this building on August 20th 1897 that he made the ground-breaking medical discovery of the malarial parasite inside the body of a mosquito. This was a feat of great impact in the field of medicine, worldwide. In the year 1935, the Secunderabad Cantonment Board had installed a marble tablet in appreciation of Sir Ronald Ross’ achievement
In the year 1955, Satyanarayan Singh, a Professor of Zoology at Hyderabad’s Osmania University established the Malaria Research Institute in this building. In 1997, more than 700 scientists from 30 countries gathered at this historic building to commemorate the centennial of his discovery. On this occasion, the building was renovated with contributions from the British High Commission.
The building evokes a feeling of nostalgia for researchers all over the world, working in the field of tropical diseases. It is a matter of pride for Hyderabad, as the building has been associated with the phenomenal work of this Noble laureate, in the 19th century.