Telangana region is home to many historic forts, with each of these having an interesting and historic legacy that has always amazed historians. The Kaulas fort dates back to the 14th century, and is spread across six square km. It is tucked away in a quiet corner in Jukkal mandal of Kamareddy district. This fort was built in a semi-Dravidian style, and is situated on the south-eastern side of Balaghat hill range at an altitude of nearly 1,000 feet. It is completely surrounded by the Kaulas stream (nala).
The stream is considered a natural moat to this mighty fort. Moreover, when visitors view the thick cover of vegetation from the fort, it is simply a wonderful feast for the eyes. Kaulas Fort was built by the Rashtrakutas during 9th century A.D. Later it was captured by Kakatiyas of Warangal and it was part of Kakatiya kingdom till 1323 A.D. It later went under the control of Muslim rulers.
During 16th century, the fort was conquered by a Rajput king called Raja Gopal Singh Gaur, who also took control of Kandhar and Mahore forts, currently in Maharashtra. The two gateways of this fort bear the insignia of the Kakatiya dynasty.
According to evidence, there were more than 10 cannons made here of metal and steel alloy. The Navgazi tope (cannon) featuring splendid work and metallurgical expertise is a rare one. Most of the structures inside this fort are in ruins with the exception of a Sivalayam, a dargah and a grain store which were built with boulders. These are still intact despite being camouflaged by wood for many years. The walls of the fort were built involving a three-tier system of defense.
There are 52 small and big bastions, apart from the two main entrances. The temple and dargah inside the fort have been declared as protected monuments by the Department of Heritage Telangana. The Kasikund temple here has been constructed similar to the Kasi temple by Rajput kings. The temple has a fresh water spring.
The complex has three more temples which are dedicated to Hindu gods of Rama, Hanuman and Balaji. There is one more temple of Ashtabuji Mata, which is also known as Jagadamba Mata temple. It is said that Rajput kings used to offer prayers here, before heading for a battle. There are two natural tanks inside this fort, which are considered as perennial water sources. There are two mosques located inside the forest.
How to Reach
Kaulas village is located about 10 km from Jukkal mandal headquarters and 89 km from the district headquarters of Kamareddy. This fort in Kamareddy district is located about 180 km from Hyderabad.