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Qutb Shahi Tombs, the Grand Mausoleum

Erected in the memory of the departed kings of Golconda, they are magnificent monuments that have withstood the test of time and nature’s vagaries. They are located one kilometer north of Golconda Fort’s called Banjara Darwaza. They are imposing marvels of architectural excellence that stand as the reminders of the glory of Golconda kings who have been buried at the same spot in remembrance of their rule. Built by the Qutub Shahis, these tombs are considered to be among the oldest historical monuments of Hyderabad.

These tombs are present in a large group on a raised platform. They resemble Persian, Pathan and Hindu architectural styles that makes use of grey granite, with stucco ornamentation and is a one-of-its-kind place in the world where the whole dynasty is buried at a single spot. They lie amidst beautifully landscaped gardens with intricately carved stonework.

The Tombs form the most reliable evidence of the Qutub Shahi dynasty and their architectural traditions. These are exquisite structures where every arch, columns, dome minarets, and galleries were created with finesse and are surrounded by landscape gardens called Ibrahim Bagh. It houses seven tombs dedicated to the former kings of Golconda. These are one of the age-old landmarks of Hyderabad that represent a blend of various architectures which has given this monument a distinct heritage tag on the tourist map of Telangana and India.

The tombs are dome like structures built on a square base. This is again surrounded by pointed arches. Each tomb is of quadrangular shape and rises around 9 to 15 meters above the terrace. The smaller tombs constitute single stories while the larger tombs are two storied. The domes actually constitute of blue and green tiles, whereas only few pieces exist now. The Qutub Shahi Tombs are surrounded by enchanting minarets and there is a magnificent tomb with a height of 42.5 m covered by large dome. The tombs were furnished with chandeliers and soft canopies on silver poles. These are the splendid mausoleums of the Golconda Sultans. During the Qutub Shahi period, legend says that these tombs were of great significance that even criminals taking refuge there were given pardon. The tombs were neglected after their reign, until Salar Jung III took up their restoration works during the early 19th century.

Today it is maintained well by the Department of Archaeology with due focus on heritage preservation and restoration. It is a popular destination in the tourist circuit of Hyderabad and visitors who arrive at Golconda fort donot miss these tombs. The lawns close to the structure, offer an impressive view wherein these are styled like famed Mughal gardens and represent the glory of dynasties that had once ruled the Deccan Plateau. For heritage lovers, this place is a trip down the memory lane where they can explore the historic structures in the backdrop of the dynasties of Hyderabad.


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